If you’re interested in seeing what your options are outside of investment property and super this article explores some of the different investment options available.
If you put your money into cash investments (including savings accounts and term deposits), the returns will often be lower in comparison to other investment products. However, these types of investment options typically provide stable, low-risk income in the form of a regular interest payment, so they may be a good option if you’re risk averse or working to a short timeframe.
Fixed interest or fixed income
Fixed interest investments (also known as fixed income or bonds) usually have a set investment period (eg five years) and provide predictable income in the form of regular interest payments. They tend to be less risky when compared to other types of investments. They are issued by governments and companies in Australia and internationally.
Shares, equities or stocks
If you purchase shares in Australian or international companies, you’re essentially buying a piece of that company, making you a shareholder. If the shares of the company grow in value, the value of your investment will also increase, and you may receive a portion of the company’s profits in the form of dividends. However, if the share price falls, the value of your investment will also fall. It’s also worth keeping in mind that you may not receive any dividends at all.
In a managed fund (also known as a managed portfolio), your money is pooled with other investors on your behalf by a fund manager. The amount of money you invest is equal to a set number of units and any growth or earnings is then divided between all investors depending on how many units each investor owns. Any income generated on these earnings will also be subject to tax based on the individual income tax rate of the owner. It’s important to keep in mind that putting your money into a managed fund won’t necessarily guarantee you a return.
Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)
An ETF is a type of managed fund that can be bought and sold on an exchange, such as the ASX, and which tracks a particular asset or market index. ETFs are usually ‘passive’ investment options as the majority of these investment products track an index, and generally don’t try to outperform it. This means the value of your investment in an ETF will go up and down in line with the index it is tracking.
Investment, growth or insurance bonds
Like a managed fund, your money will generally be pooled with money from other investors, with an investment manager overseeing the funds. The main point of difference is the way earnings are taxed. If you hold an investment bond for at least 10 years, you won’t have to pay additional tax on any profits that you’ve made when you eventually sell (or redeem) your investment.
A popular option for retirement, annuities provide a guaranteed income regardless of what’s happening in financial markets.i These can be in the form of a series of regular payments either over a set number of years (fixed-term), or for the remainder of your life (lifetime annuity).
You can purchase an annuity through your super, through insurance, or with ordinary savings. It’s important to note though, that if you’re using your super money for the purchase, you won’t be able to access the funds until you reach your preservation age.
Real estate investment trusts (REITs)
A REIT is a type of property fund listed on a public market, such as the ASX, in which investors can purchase units. Similar to a managed fund, your money in the fund is then pooled and invested in a range of property assets, which may include commercial, retail, industrial, or other, property sectors.
REITs can provide investors with exposure to the property market in a way that is more diversified – and potentially more cost-effective – than buying a single property.
Before putting your money into any investment option it’s important to make sure you understand, and are comfortable with, the level of risk involved, the investment timeframe, any potential costs involved, and how the product could help you reach your goals.
It’s also important to look into any potential legal and tax implications, as these can vary depending on the type of investment you make.
How to get started
If you’re interested in building your investment portfolio, speak to your advisor or contact us today.
©AMP Life Limited. First published November 2018
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